Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Indonesia -

2 Republic of Indonesia. Indonesia’s First Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the UNFCCC, 2015. Indonesia’s BUR uses GWP values from the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. 3 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Statistics Division (FAOSTAT), Emissions – Land use total, viewed on February 24, 2017.. 4 FAOSTAT, 2017.Get price

Mitigating Green House Gas Emissions in Indonesia through

mangrove 5forests. However, Indonesia consistently has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world and is one of the top 10 greenhouse gases (GHG) emitters. An estimated 63 percent of Indonesia’s GHG emissions stem from land use change, deforestation, and forest and peat land fires.Get price

Standard Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas - Indonesia

46 Standard Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Forests and Peatlands in Indonesia (Version 2)| Table 7-3. Emission factors for biological oxidation of peat in Indonesia. IPCC land-use category CO 2-C EF4 (t C ha-1 yr ) DOC EF5 (t C ha-1 yr-1) CH 4 EF (kg CH 4 ha-1 yr-1) Forest land and cleared forest land (shrubland), drainedGet price

8 Factors Affecting Indonesia’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Mar 22, 2015 · Indonesia is one of the world’s top 10 Greenhouse Gas emitters – although we’re a developing country, we still find ways of unnecessarily harming our own country and the rest of the world, contributing to global climate change. Here are 8 very important factors affecting our emissions. An opinion piece submitted by Erik Sitompul 1) Deforestation We’ve covered […]Get price

Indonesia worldNo. 3 greenhouse gas emitter: report | Reuters

Jun 04, 2007 · JAKARTA (Reuters) - Indonesia is among the world’s top three greenhouse gas emitters because of deforestation, peatland degradation and forest fires, a report sponsored by the World Bank and...Get price

Estimating greenhouse gas emissions from municipal solid

Dec 01, 2019 · In Indonesia, 60–70% of the generated waste is transported to landfills, while the remaining 30–40% ends up in rivers, burned, or independently managed by the community . Such improper waste management can generate more GHGs than required.Get price


Indonesia as well as coal-based Vietnam will soon join emissions levels of Malaysia, while others will track emissions paths of Thailand and Singapore. 3. Method and data Index decomposition analysis is a widely applied technique for investigating the contributoryGet price


various advantages over other index decomposition methods (Ang 2004). Many studies have employed LMDI method to analyse factors underlying CO2 emission growth for various countries or groups of countries. However, these studies disentangle the sources of emissions growth into at the most five factors. This paper extends theGet price

List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions - Wikipedia

This is a list of countries by total greenhouse gas (GHG) annual emissions in 2016. It is based on data for carbon dioxide, methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (sf6 gas) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) emissions compiled by the World Resources Institute (WRI).Get price

Overview of Greenhouse Gases | Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions

Total U.S. Emissions in 2019 = 6,558 Million Metric Tons of CO 2 equivalent (excludes land sector). Percentages may not add up to 100% due to independent rounding. Larger image to save or print Gases that trap heat in the atmosphere are called greenhouse gases.Get price

Standard Methods for Estimating -

Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Forests and Peatlands in Indonesia (Version 2). Research, Development and Innovation Agency of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Bogor, Indonesia. The other chapters and full publication are also available on the INCAS website www.incas-indonesia.orgGet price

Assessment of emissions of greenhouse gases and air

This study presents an emission inventory (EI) for major anthropogenic sources of Indonesia in 2007 and 2010. The EI was developed using a combination of top-down and bottom-up approaches with comprehensive activity data collected at the provincial/district level to produce spatially and temporally distributed emission of toxic pollutants and greenhouse gases (GHGs).Get price

Standard Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from

Standard Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Forests and Peatlands in Indonesia (Version 2) | iii The Ministry of Environment and Forestry is developing the Indonesian National Carbon Accounting System (INCAS) to support Indonesia’s greenhouse gas (GHG) accounting requirements for the land based sectors.Get price

A review of land-based greenhouse gas flux estimates in Indonesia

This study examines underlying reasons for differences among land-based greenhouse gas flux estimates in Indonesia, where six national inventories reported average emissions of between 0.4 and 1.1 Gt CO<SUB2</SUBe yr<SUP-1</SUP over the 2000-2012 period. The large range among estimates is only somewhat smaller than Indonesia’s GHG mitigation commitment. To determine the reasons for theseGet price

Risks, barriers and responses to Indonesiabiogas development

Indonesiaenergy needs and policy ambitions Indonesiacontinued reliance on fossil fuels to meet increasing domestic energy demand has made it the worldeighth largest greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter (Friedrich et al. 2015). In 2016, following ratification of the Paris Agreement, Indonesia published its Nationally Determined ContributionGet price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride, is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. It is inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and non-toxic. SF 6 has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density ofGet price

Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Land Reclamation

Dec 31, 2018 · Land reclamation activities can, directly and indirectly, impact the environment. Examples of direct effects include alterations in coastal geomorphology, variations in the chemical content of water and changes in biological composition along the littoral zone. The indirect impacts can involve geological changes and increase vulnerability to natural disasters. Reclamation processes also resultGet price

Greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical peatlands in south-east Asia

UNFCCC, 2007), specifically in Indonesia that is respon-sible for the bulk of the emissions (Hooijer et al., 2006). Indonesia has recently formulated a national policy with implementation regulations, in which assistance is asked for assessing greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands and for capacity building with respect to carbon account-Get price

Greenhouse gas emissions - Our World in Data

Waste: the decomposition of organic waste in landfills produces methane. Fossil fuel production: methane can be released during oil and gas extraction – a category often termed ‘fugitive emissions’. What is the warming potential of methane compared to CO 2? Methane is a much stronger greenhouse gas than CO 2 in terms of its ‘warmingGet price

Switzerlandgreenhouse gas inventory

The greenhouse gas inventory details all of Switzerland’s greenhouse gas emissions. As well as carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the use of fossil energy sources, these also include CO2 emissions from industrial processes and waste incineration, emissions of the other greenhouse gases methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and synthetic gases from a wide range of sources.Get price


In 2012, effective carbon rates in Indonesia consisted entirely of specific taxes on energy use, and only applied to fuels used in road transport. Indonesia had neither an explicit carbon tax nor an emissions trading system, leading to 17% of carbon emissions of energy use being priced, and none above € 30/tCO 2 (~US$ 37).17 0 US$/tCO 2Get price

Gas density of sf6 gas and other gases

Gas density. Trafag gas density sensors are monitoring the insulation gas (e.g. sulfurhexafluoride SF 6) and thus ensure the safe operation of countless power plants and high voltage switching installations.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Inventory in Thailand | SpringerLink

Abstract. In 1992, in preparation for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Thailand’s first inventory of greenhouse gas emissions was completed with support from the Asian Development Bank.Get price

IPCC Emissions Factor Database | Greenhouse Gas Protocol

Summary: Name of source: IPCC Emissions Factor Database: Provider: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Summary text: Library of emission factors and other parameters with background documentation or technical referencesGet price

Is Indonesia the third largest greenhouse gas polluter?

Nov 03, 2006 · Destroyed peat swamp forest in Indonesia. Image courtesy of Wetlands International. The report estimates that production of one metric ton of palm oil will result in an average emission of 20Get price

The content and determinants of greenhouse gas emission

Aug 06, 2018 · This paper examined the content and determinants of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission disclosure practices. This study found that the number of firms disclosed is increased from 42.9% in 2011 to 48.1% in...Get price

Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions | US EPA

Apr 14, 2021 · Electricity Sector Emissions. Total Emissions in 2019 = 6,558 Million Metric Tons of CO2 equivalent.Percentages may not add up to 100% due to independent rounding. * Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry in the United States is a net sink and removes approximately 12 percent of these greenhouse gas emissions, this net sink is not shown in the above diagram.Get price

greenhouse gas | Definition, Emissions, Greenhouse Effect

Greenhouse gas, any gas capable of absorbing infrared radiation (net heat energy) emitted from Earth’s surface and reradiating it back to Earth’s surface, thus contributing to the phenomenon known as the greenhouse effect. Carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor are the most important greenhouse gases.Get price

Sector by sector: where do global greenhouse gas emissions

Sep 18, 2020 · To prevent severe climate change we need to rapidly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. The world emits around 50 billion tonnes of greenhouse gases each year [measured in carbon dioxide equivalents (CO 2 eq)]. 1Get price

Plastic Bags, or Paper? Here’s What to Consider When You Hit

Mar 29, 2019 · And, just last week, a dead sperm whale washed ashore in Indonesia with two dozen plastic bags in its gut, along with other trash. So, even though plastic bags are only a small fraction of AmericaGet price